CYRAIL CYbersecurity in the RAILway sector

CYRail project has received funding from the Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 730843 addressing the topic "Threat detection and profile protection definition for cybersecurity assessment.

CYRAIL project Objectives

The main technical objectives are:

  • To perform an exhaustive cyber security assessment of the Railway systems focusing on the most critical railway services, zones and communications
  • To deliver a taxonomy of threats targeting rail management and control systems capable of classifying, describing and analysing cyber-attack threats;
  • To assess and select innovative rail management systems attack detection techniques;
  • To specify countermeasures and mitigation strategies for improved quality levels;
  • To describe resilience mechanisms for operational safety;
  • To specify protection profiles with evaluation of assurance levels.


Railway infrastructures are moving towards more intelligent, connected, usercentric
and collaborative systems. While they bring many advantages for the
industry and users, they also pose new opportunities for cyber-criminals and

In this context, CYRAIL is a collaborative project funded by the European
Commission as part of the call for proposals under the Shift2Rail programme for
Rail Research and Innovation (R&I), addressing the topic “Threat detection and
profile protection definition for cybersecurity assessment”.

An analysis of threats targeting railway infrastructures will be developed as well
as innovative, attack detection and alert techniques. Adapted mitigation plans and
countermeasures will be defined, taking into account their potential impact on
operations. Protection profiles for railway control and signalling applications will be
delivered to ensure security by design of new rail infrastructures.

Benefits for rail

CYRAIL will have a significant impact on enhancing the operational security level of the different rail segments and the robustness of the railway information, control and signalling sub-systems.
With the challenge of boosting innovative and cost-efficient technologies and system for railway signalling, traffic control and automation with an ever increasing reliance on communications technologies, CYRAIL will contribute to the prevention of cyber-attacks, improving the operational security level of the different rail segments


1 October 2016 - 30 September 2018


6 partners from 5 countries (DE, FR, PT, ES, SE) :

  • Leadership: EVOLEO Technologies LDA ,Portugal
  • Partners:
    • Jakintza Lanezko Ikerkuntza Investigación Universidad Empresa, EUSKOIKER, Spain
    • Fortiss GmbH, Germany
    • International Union of Railways, UIC, France
    • AIRBUS Defence & Space, France
    • ATSEC Information Security AB, Sweden


7th R&D Framework Programme/Horizon 2020 Acoustic control for new composite blocks Administ of HERMES Messages + relating 900 Leaflets Administration of Passenger Commercial Issues Administration of Passenger Technical Issues Artificial Intelligence for Remote Monitoring Asset Management – unified procurement methods in order to achieve high quality for less money Asset Management Common Method and Template in a GIS implementation BODEGA Brake Performance Deficiency of UCT (Unaccompanied Container Transport) trains Capacity4Rail CIPRNET Commuter and Regional Train Services Commuter and Regional Train Services II Composite brake block behaviour under winter conditions CYRAIL DEcision-making and Slab-track MANagement Design, definition and localisation of a "Trackcircuit" for detection of broken rails without detect DIGIM DIGIM II Digital Observatory & New Projects Platform Direct electropneumatic brake Direct Radio Link for Train Completeness Safety Check DOOR TO DOOR e- WAG ECCO Phase 2 ECCO Phase 3 EES Platform Activitie Emergency Brake Valves Performance on ERTMS Lines Energy & Electric Traction Experts Group Energy Efficiency Best Practice Workshops Energy Efficiency Best Practice Workshops (Europe) eRail Freight Intermodal – Phase 2 ERTMS Platform services EUR palette European Standard Freight Wagon Axle for 25t (ESFA 25) Exceptional and Over-Loads on Existing Infrastructures Exchange of Railway Vehicules phase 2 Formalization of Interfaces Functional Specifications Future Railways Mobile Communications Systems Solutions GALILEO Panel of Experts GSM-R GSM-R Network Management Harmonised Methodology for Infrastructure Lifetime Assessment Harmonization of track quality description and assessment High Speed Activities Holding Force 2017 How to improve the overall safety at level crossings using new technologies and operating modes to m Impact of the digitalisation on the modern Traffic Operation possibilities (linked to “Traffic manag IPAAB AUDIT Lasting Infrastructure Benchmarking Long term development of railway stations Long trains with distributed power New UIC Standard "Overhead Conductor Rail Requirements" Noise Technical Advice Other Freight Activities Panel of Experts Activity - Asset Management Group Panel Of Structural Experts Passenger Accessibility Solutions Support and Action Group for Europe Passenger Accessibility Solutions Support and Action Group for Europe II Passenger Door System, Alarm System and Communication System: Safety and Standardised Operation PRIFIS PRM Assistance Booking Tool PROACTIVE RailTopoModel (ERIM) RailTopoModel extension for Building information modelling (BIM) RailTopoModel for Geographic Information Systems RailTopoModel for Simulation Railway Telecom Panel of Experts Recommendations for the DEsign and use of MOnoblock concrete SLEEPERs Reference guide of core rail job profiles and professional competences Requirement DataBase EUTREQ rEvERsE REVERSIBLE SUBSTATIONS Revision of UIC Leaflet 930 RIC Rolling Stock Bogie Energy Management and Brake-Wheel interaction Rolling Stock multimedia applications Rolling Stock on board applications (traction-braking management) and commissioning Rules for the consist and braking of international freight trains SAFER-LC SAFETY PLATEFORM SATLOC+ (follow up of SATLOC) system safety demonstration on the basis of the formal functional mode SECURITY PLATFORM SFERA: Smart communications for efficient rail activities SHERPA Signalling Panel of Experts Station Managers Global Group Station Managers Global Group Technical advice and assessment of European Railway noise policy and research Tourism potential of railway services Tourism Potential of Railway Services 2 Track Circuit Shunting Booster Track Experts Group Activity - (TEG) including INNOTRACK Dissemination Track stability and prevention of buckling Train Bus Applications and Homologation TRAINING CENTRE NETWORKS TRISTRAM UIC Control App UIC-IEC Overhead Contact Line life cycle harmonization Upgrading and Updating the UIC Standard 413 URT - PRISM (Passenger Railway International Security-based Mobile app) Vegetation Control and Use of Herbicides WG Pallets Wheel: European Standard low maintenance for 25t traffic Works of Programme Managers and SETs XBORDER quick wins
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